COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF INSTITUTIONAL ENVIRONMENTS OF NON-GOVERNMENTAL ORGANIZATIONS IN MONGOLIA, HUNGARY, AND POLAND
Around 60 countries have amended their laws and regulations on Non- Governmental Organizations (Hereinafter “NGOs”) during the last four years. For instance, Russia’s Foreign Agent Act, Hungary’s Law on Transparency of Organisations Receiving Foreign Funds, and other policies restraining the operations and funding of NGOs. These restrictions are regarded as evidence of democratic backsliding. Such regulations demand NGOs to disclose their funding sources, private information, and internal documents to governments. The development and independence of NGOs are vital for a civil society and certainly for a democracy. This research paper posits that foreign funding is an inevitable part of fostering civil society and the operations of NGOs in young democratic countries, such as Mongolia, Hungary, and Poland. Hence, tight regulation over foreign sources of NGO funding is highly likely to pose serious constraints. This paper analyzes the institutional environment of NGOs operating in Mongolia in comparison with Hungary and Poland.